It was in the month of November 1973 one sweeper named, Sohanlal Valmiki who was working in K.E.M Hospital of Bombay now renamed as Mumbai who was working in one of the wards as a Sweeper had deliberately used a dogs chain around the neck of one nurse to throttle and kill her the nurse named Aruna Shanbaug was working in the same Hospital , on that day of the crime she had politely asked Valmiki, the sweeper on duty in the above mentioned Hospital ward that she had kept some of the food for the dogs which was found to be stolen by him on her return from round from the hospitals ward, due to this Valmiki got very angry with Aruna the nurse and used a dogs chain to throttle and kill her.
The dogs chain used by Valmiki throttled Aruna Shanbaug towards the neck , this heinous offence had stopped further supply of oxygen to her delicate brain tissues with the result she went under coma. Expert doctors advice and opinions were later on taken from all over the world but Aruna could not regain consciousness and remained in such vegetative state for about 42 years until her death.
Those who saw her in this vegetative condition never hoped that Aruna could get well soon as her near and far off relatives also could not afford the ever increasing cost of medical expenses and regular trips so they also stopped to visit her regularly ,now it was only on some rare occasions they used to come and visit her at her room in K.E.M Hospital.
It was the continuous dedication and continuous efforts of K.E.M Hospital nurses that Aruna could live long for about 42 years in such vegetative state after the incident. It is indeed surprising that Sohanlal Valmiki who had strangled her with a dogs chain got off with only 7 years in jail, he was only charged with offences related to Robbery and Attempted Murder. latest reports indicates that he is still alive.
After the death of Aruna Shanbaug a P.I.L (Public Interest Litigation) ,was filed in the Supreme Court for giving judgement as to Active Euthanasia or Passive Euthanasia could be given to terminally ill Patients by the doctors wherein in such cases the recovery is very less and the cost of treatment on medicines and other expenses as well as doctors consultation fees on such terminally ill patients are day by day increasing without any signs of recovery.
Honorable Supreme Court had recently given a judgement on 9th March 2018 which indicates that a patient can be granted permission to die with the doctors advice only by Passive Euthanasia as it was felt necessary by the legal fraternity that the right to die with dignity was considered to be the Fundamental Right of those patients who are terminally ill and even after very long years of medical treatment show no signs of any recovery. Honorable Supreme Court was of the opinion that quality of life was of more importance than the long life span of any patient who have to suffer continuous extreme pain agony and suffering considering the case of Aruna Shanbaug the only on duty nurse who was in continuous pain and agony and was forced to live her life in that vegetative condition that too for more than 42 long years till her death.
What s is the main difference between Active euthanasia and passive euthanasia ?.
In Active euthanasia something is done by the doctors to end the patients life, whereas in Passive Euthanasia something is not done to save the patients life which actually means that life support system is withdrawn and the patient dies a natural death.
Women in India are even today raped, killed ,tortured, maimed, crippled, stalked or harassed to a great extent even today itself, the accused persons manage to get themselves released out of jails on bail as there are more loopholes & lacuna’s in the laws.
In many cases eye witnesses are threatened to give their statements in the court in favor of the perpetrators of these heinous crimes and offences .Now after few years have passed by these accused go scotfree as the case is either weak or it can be one of the reasons that due to lack of sufficient evidences, or witnesses turning hostile they become victorious .It is ultimately the women who have to suffer throughout their lives with humiliation and sufferings from the elderly village women who try to humiliate and laugh at her wherever she goes.
Although more than seven decades have passed since our country, India had achieved Independence from the Britishers but it is a blot on our Indian society that there is no end to such occurrences of heinous offences against women and young girls . Women feel humiliated as other older and young women from neighboring villages pass extremely bad remarks on the victim frequently, make her character assassination that is the main reason why rape victims are forced to commit suicide later on in their lives .
Most of the villagers feel that such offence was done with woman’s consent thus the rape victims had deliberately betrayed and not followed her family and village traditions ,I feel that those who try to humiliate such women victims can also be arrested in such cases of death for Abatement in commission of suicides of women in our rural Indian villages then only the condition of women would be better.
Parents and Relatives also normally force their women and young girls not to file any F.I.R with the Police as this would bring bad name to their family furthermore also it is feared that in villages and rural areas they would be treated as outcast’s and in future she and her family members would be treated very badly by those villagers, also they would always face criticism that these woman and girls had brought bad name to their village and family, thus in most of the cases the old men and women advise young girls and women to keep silent until they are married off and sent to another far off city where the victims can start their new life forgetting the previous bad trauma which they had overcome in the past days of her life.
Women in India may be trained in self defense subjects in schools and colleges like Judo,Karate, Krav Maga, Wrestling, Jiu Jitsu ,Kalaripayattu ,Lat hi and sword fighting, Gatka (Punjabi Martial Art), they may only be permitted to work from morning 6/00 hrs to evening 5/00 hrs in factories , they may frequently be asked to travel in groups of 5 to 10 women, keep dairy of Emergency phone nos of the nearest Police Stations, further more when they are leaving for their homes and travelling in any mode of transport they should also note the vehicles nos ,in order to make women safer more and more Women drivers my be granted Driving permits to drive Ola or Uber or other passengers vehicles as this move by the Indian Government could provide more safety to women commuters and in the long run provide more employment to poor widowed or divorced women in India ,as they could be self sufficient and also self reliant to rear their little children .
Lastly I conclude that women may be permitted to keep a small 6 inches knife in their ladies purses,along with pepper spray or Red chilies box now if there is any threat to their lives these women could be sufficiently armed with latest techniques to protect themselves when they are alone.